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Glossary of Terms:

• Affiliates
ANYTIME Networks
The ANYTIME VoD Channel
Broadband TV
Conditional Access (CA)
Digital Home
Digital Rights Management (DRM)
Electronic Sell Through (EST)
IPTV (Internet Protocol Television)
Near Video-on-Demand (NVoD)
Progressive Download
Set-Top Box (STB)
Video compression
Video-on-Demand (VoD)

• Affiliates
Affiliates are owners of closed physical cable or xDSL distribution networks over which the Channels’ of Broadcasters and Networks are distributed and consumed by Affiliates’ customers using proprietary technology.

• ANYTIME Networks
ANYTIME Networks is the largest Video-on-Demand (VoD) content provider in Asia Pacific. It provides Affiliates with the ANYTIME VoD Channel - a complete VoD programming solution covering content and metadata, data encoding and encryption, interface development and promo and marketing support. ANYTIME Networks has bigger output deals with more Hollywood studios and local content creators than any other Video-on-Demand channel in the world.

• The ANYTIME VoD Channel
The ANYTIME VoD Channel provides Affiliates and their subscribers with easy access to the most popular, up-to-date entertainment from Hollywood’s major studios and local content owners. The ANYTIME VoD Channel puts a wide selection of movies and TV shows at viewers’ fingertips, available 24/7. It also provides content creators with a streamlined process for getting VoD product to market, giving fast access to new audiences and revenue streams.

• Broadband TV
Broadband TV is similar to IPTV, in that video is delivered using Internet Protocol, however Broadband TV is not wedded to one particular service provider or its infrastructure. Broadband TV is delivered over an open network where the hardware and software are chosen by the end-user. Unlike IPTV, Broadband TV is delivered in a heterogeneous environment to multiple devices. Sometimes referred to as ‘Over The Top’ video services or TV over Broadband.

• Conditional Access (CA)
Conditional Access is a form of security typically installed on a user’s Set-Top Box (STB) that limits access to content, such as video, to only those that have subscribed to this content.

• Digital Home
The Digital Home refers to a network of digital content playback devices within the home that cooperate transparently, delivering seamless interoperability that enhances and enriches the users consumption experiences of digital content.

• Digital Rights Management (DRM)
Digital Rights Management, or DRM, refers to technologies that control or restrict the use and access of digital media content on electronic devices. Content owners can use these technologies to control access to digital data such as software, music, movies and hardware.

• Electronic Sell Through (EST)
Electronic Sell Through is a digital distribution model for content owners to generate revenue from legitimate downloads of content over the Internet that mimics the physical sales model traditionally executed in a physical retail model. Content is made available to consumers on a download-to-own basis, as opposed to VoD services where content is ‘rented’ for a specific period of time.

• Encoding
Encoding is the process by which analogue or digital content is ‘formatted’ for delivery and playback over particular technology ecosystems. Video playback devices, e.g. STB’s or PC’s, need specific technology (software and/or hardware) solutions to decode the digitally encoded video for analogue or digital playback.

• Encryption
Encryption is the process by which digital content is packaged and locked for secure transmission, delivery and consumption by authorised users.

• IPTV (Internet Protocol Television)
IPTV is a system where video content is delivered using Internet Protocol over a closed network, through infrastructure that is specifically set-up or configured to receive an IPTV channel, or channels, from a particular Network Service provider. Customers wishing to subscribe to their Network Service Provider’s IPTV service require a Set-Top-Box to play the content through a regular television.

• Middleware
Middleware is like glue. It is software that connects applications, allowing them to interact across hardware or network environments. For example, middleware allows a VoD User Interface to connect with a billing database to ensure that content purchased by users is accurately tracked.

• Near Video-on-Demand (NVoD)
Near Video-on-Demand, aka Pay Per View (PPV), is video content that is broadcast over a network at set multiple times. For example, a particular movie may be screened at 15-minute intervals from a Digital Cable Operator. Users pay a fee to watch the movie but must work around the broadcasters scheduling. Users do not have the benefit of trick play functionality and may only watch the broadcast once.

• Progressive Download
Progressive Download is a type of streaming. It allows audio and video files to begin playback before the entire file is downloaded. A certain minimum amount of data is transferred first with the remainder downloading progressively. The benefits of Progressive download over streaming are that it is less susceptible to poor network performance or low bandwidth conditions and assures a quality viewing experience.

• Set-Top Box (STB)
A Set-Top Box is a device linked between a television and an external source signal provided by Pay TV service providers in a closed network environment. The Set-Top Box turns encrypted video or broadcast signals into viewable content that can be displayed on a TV screen.

• Streaming
Streaming is multimedia data transferred over a network in a stream of packets that are rendered in real time by a software application before consumption by the viewer. Whilst providing the benefit of near instant playback of video content, the quality of playback is dependent on ‘steady’ bandwidth.

• Video compression
Video compression is the process by which video content is reduced in size in order to save network bandwidth or transmission time, with little degradation of the quality of the content. Mpeg 2, Mpeg4 (H.264), WMV9 (VC1) are some common formats of video compression.

• Video-on-Demand (VoD)
Video-on-Demand is a system where video content is delivered over a network as and when a user wants to view it. Typically, content is streamed or downloaded from a central source to a users PC or Set-Top Box. VoD content can then be consumed as many times a viewer wishes over a defined time period – typically 24 hours. It is similar to physical video rental models and users have complete control of their viewing experience. That is, VoD allows users full trick play functionality – Fast Forward, Rewind, Pause, Stop and Play, together with multiple viewing options. All of which, along the ability to choose exact viewing times, is unavailable with NVoD.

















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